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Пробный ЕГЭ 2013. Чтение А15-А21

Диагностическая работа №2

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания А15 - А21. В каждом задании выберите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному вами варианту ответа.

Cruel Irony

When I was younger, I used to envy the children that grew up in one place, went to the same school, and had the same friends. I was also jealous that many of them had a mom and dad that were together and loved each other. My parents divorced when I was five years old and since then life has been chaotic.
I began living with my Dad. My mom had problems with depression – that’s what they told me, anyway. I have a feeling she just didn’t want to put up with me and so she dumped me off on my dad. “It’s not that I don’t love you, Teddy, I just don’t know how to deal with boys.” These were her parting words.
My dad is OK and he does the best he can, but he’s restless. He has itchy feet and can’t stay put anywhere more than a year. He’s a writer, but supports himself  by teaching English. He’s never really paid much attention to me, and I’ve been on my own ever since my parents split up and we hit the road. That was ten years ago. Now, that we’ve been to so many countries,  they are all a blur  in my head: Thailand, India, Russia, Mongolia, China, Uganda…
I never intended to become a polyglot, it happened out of boredom and the freedom my father gave me. Since then I have met a lot of kids who hate foreign languages. They were forced down their throats in childhood by parents or teachers who made them memorize rule after rule, and after all that torture, they still couldn't talk and ended up hating them. For me it was nothing like that at all.
I remember living in a tiny village in Uganda when I was about 6. I was surrounded by  a throng of black children, laughing and pointing at me, chanting “mzungu mzungu mzungu” over and over again.  It only dawned on me later that they were calling me whitey, the term used for foreigners, but at the time it was my  first foreign word. I pointed to myself and repeated it to their delight and laughter, and then I pointed at a skinny dog that happened to be nearby and they shouted out: “Mbwa, mzungu, mbwa!” That was my second word and so began my journey of pointing and repeating, that a few months later found me fluent in Swahili, my first foreign language.
After that, picking up languages became second nature. I would point and repeat everything I heard like a parrot. I swam in language. At first everything would sound strange and unfamiliar. But then after a while, it would begin to grow on me, like music which you don't like at first, sometimes does. And then I would begin to notice patterns and recognize words until I could participate in making the same music myself. Ever since those early experiences, music and language are one and the same to me.
And now after years of living abroad, I'm home again. My father has just gone to my school because I'm failing Spanish. He can't understand how I could pick up Swahili, Russian, Chinese, and Arabic, but can't cope with  simple textbook Spanish. Well, I'll tell you a secret. I never learned to write in any of those other languages. I can't memorize words by reading them in a textbook, my mind just doesn't work like that. I don't get grammar, either. I recognize patterns when I've been listening to a language for a long time, and when I say something wrong, for me it's like singing the wrong note, it sounds bad. In school, the teacher doesn't speak Spanish, she just teaches us rules. So there you go, I'm fluent in over eight languages, and yet I'm failing Spanish. Sometimes irony can be cruel.

    Инструкция

  1. A15 According to Ted’s mother, she
    did not love him.
    was too sick to take care of him.
    found it difficult to raise him.
    was not allowed to take care of him.
  2. A16 By saying that his dad is restless and has itchy feet, Ted means that his dad
    has a medical problem with the skin on his feet.
    doesn’t like to live in one place for a long time.
    works too much and doesn’t get enough rest.
    has a problem focusing attention on something.
  3. A17 When talking about his travelling, Ted says that
    he remembers all the countries he has visited very well.
    he often dreams about the countries he has visited.
    his memories of different countries got all mixed up.
    he injured his head while travelling along the road.
  4. A18 Ted believes that many children he has met hate foreign languages because
    the method they were taught was bad.
    they had cruel teachers and parents.
    they saw no point in learning languages.
    speaking foreign languages made their throats hurt.
  5. A19 The reason the children in thee in Uganda surrounded Ted and pointed him was that they
    thought that Ted looked funny.
    wanted to teach him their language.
    were trying to sell him their skinny dog.
    were going to take him on a journey to Swahili.
  6. A20 Ted says that music and language are one and the same to him because
    his method of learning foreign languages is by singing songs in them.
    learning a new language for him is like getting to know new music.
    learning to play a musical instrument is as difficult as learning a language.
    he liked learning languages and folk music of the people who spoke them.
  7. A21 Ted is failing Spanish because
    the teacher does not teach them enough grammar.
    he has never learnt any other European languages.
    he doesn’t like the way Spanish sounds.
    he has no experience learning foreign languages by using a textbook.

    

Пробный ЕГЭ 2013. Чтение В3

Диагностическая работа №2

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A- F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1- 7. Одна из частей в списке 1- 7 - лишняя.

Fleet Street

Fleet Street runs east from the Royal Courts of Justice as far as Ludgate Circus. It takes its name from the Fleet River, A ____________ where Farrington Road now stands. At that time traffic had to cross over the Fleet Bridge in order to reach the cathedral.
Fleet Street’s associations with printing go back to the end of the 15th century, when the pioneer publisher Wynkyn de Worde moved here from Westminster. Between 1500 and his death in 1535, from his premises he printed and published hundreds of books, B ___________ (the Inns of Court and Blackfriars Monastery were both nearby).
Other printers also working in the area included Richard Pynson, printer to the king after 1508, C ____________ of Fleet Street and Chancery Lane. In 1530 Sir Thomas More’s nephew William Rastell began printing and selling books from premises in St Bride’s churchyard, D ____________ in 1557.
It was clear that the publishing industry was here to stay. A key date in the history of Fleet Street was the year 1702 E ____________. Since then the street became home to hundreds of newspapers, and its name is still synonymous with British national journalism.
This state of affairs only came to an end in 1980’s, F ____________ caused by the changeover to the new technology, which necessitated relocating to gain more space. The Times led the way, to Docklands, and within a few years Fleet Street was stripped of its soul.

1. whose office was at the corner
2. which years ago followed the route
3. when the British press was going through a period of deep crisis
4. bringing out an edition of his uncle’s works
5. many on legal and religious subject
6. including the publishers of Thackeray and the Brontë sisters
7. when the first newspaper, the Daily Courant, appeared


Пробный ЕГЭ 2013. Чтение В2

Диагностическая работа №2

Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.

1. No Longer a Good Reason

2. Violation of Authors' Rights

3. What's the Remedy?

4. Bad Any Way You Look At It

5. Naïve Teachers

6. Simply Irresistible Even for the Best

7. A Lethal Error

8. A Growing Problem

A. One of the biggest problems in schools and universities is cheating. Cheating is a dishonest act in which students attempt to pass off somebody else's work as their own. Not only is it a form of stealing, it robs the students themselves of the knowledge they would have received from doing the work themselves. In addition, it is unfair to students who have done the work honestly and who may possibly get lower marks than those who have cheated. It is therefore in everyone's interest to solve this problem.

B. Students have always cheated. However, in recent years  this problem has increased tremendously. With the universal presence of computer technology, the Internet, and recently the wide availability of smart phones (more powerful than the fastest home computers 10 years ago) cheating has become simpler and more sophisticated in many ways. Using computer technology to cheat is often referred to as cyber-cheating and has made cheating not only easier and more widespread, but also more difficult to detect.

C. Before the Internet, students would copy the answers to homework from other children. In the era of cyber-cheating, however, there are special sites on  the net that have photocopied scans of school textbooks. Students can easily and  quickly find answers to homework problems for Chemistry, Algebra, History, English or any other subject. Even students who make good marks in school admit to using such sites when pressed for time. For those who have low marks, it is a temptation that they cannot help succumbing to.

D. Making cheat-sheets is an old tradition for many students. It has often been remarked that the time and effort it takes to make them often means that they are no longer necessary because the student has by that time already learned the material. With cyber-cheating,  even that excuse is no longer true. Children can download pre-made cheat- sheets from special websites that are ready to use. In addition, many children use their telephones as cheat-sheets. Since nothing is prepared, but simply copied and printed out, no learning takes place.

E. Another effect  of cyber-cheating is plagiarism. Students  have always cheated by copying from books. In the past, this was limited to what could be found in bookstores and libraries. With the Internet, however, vast resources of information are only a mouse click away. It is not surprising that plagiarism as a form of cheating has become commonplace. It has gone so far that there are even some students who mistakenly think this is the proper way to write an essay.

F. Another problem of cyber-cheating is the generation gap between students and teachers. Many teachers are simply not aware of the many ways in which students are cheating by using gadgets and the Internet. Many are also not aware of the numerous on-line sites and communities dedicated to cheating. Such sites exploit children by exposing them to spam, and even computer viruses. This is another dark side of cyber- cheating that many teachers and educators fail to see.

G. It is likely that the problem of cyber-cheating will only get worse if teachers and educators don't take steps to address it. Such steps as forbidding students to bring phones to class could help. Well-known cheating sites on the Internet could be blocked by parents at home and on school computers. Finally, students should be educated and informed as to why cheating is wrong and how it deprives them of knowledge. They need to understand that it defeats the whole purpose of going to school in the first place.


Образец письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения (формат ЕГЭ)

 

 

Задание для учащегося

C2.You have 40 minutes to do this task.
Comment on the following statement.

 

My parents say the way they lived in the past was more secure. However, I believe that young people are given a lot more life opportunities nowadays.

 

What is your opinion? Which way of life will be more satisfying for future generations?

 

Write 200–250 words.

 

Use the following plan:

 

make an introduction (state the problem)
express your personal opinion and give 2–3 reasons for your opinion
express an opposing opinion and give 1–2 reasons for this opposing opinion
explain why you don’t agree with the opposing opinion
make a conclusion restating your position

 

 

 

Пример письменного высказывания с элементами рассуждения («Ваше мнение»), выполненного учащимся и оцененного в 14 баллов
(3 – содержание, 3 –организация текста, 3 – лексика, 3 – грамматика, 2 – орфография и пунктуация)

A lot of people, especially of older age, claim that life in their youth was much quieter and they were more sure of tomorrow than young people nowadays. But there are many things I do appreciate today. Among them is a great variety of opportunities we have in life.

Firstly, the life has cardinally changed and at present young people, using Internet and traveling abroad, are more and more informed about the world and other cultures. Secondly, there is a wide choice of activities in which we can take part now, starting from leisure clubs up to political and volunteer programmes. Another thing to mention is a different range of job vacancies offered to young people to earn their own money. This gives us more independence from our family but, on the other hand, it teaches us to be responsible for decisions we make.

However, our society now faces some serious problems such as high crime rate, drug, game and smoking addictions, AIDS, poor environment, etc. They say the society was kinder, the tempo of life was slower. They were not afraid of unemployment. These are the reasons for the parents’ concern about our future. And though I share their worries, I would rather risk than have uneventful, monotonous, predictable life.

To sum up, I believe, modern life gives more opportunities and challenges to the youth. There is more freedom, life is more exciting. That is why I hold an opinion that the way of life of today is more satisfying.

 

Посмотрите также интерактивную презентацию "Пишем эссе"

Пишем эссе

 

Представленная ниже презентация познакомит вас с двумя типами эссе: "мнение" и "за и против".
На экзамене по ЕГЭ теперь пишут только эссе "мнение", но знать, чем отличается первый тип эссе от второго, будет полезно. При просмотре презентации используйте интерактивные кнопки и ссылки на слайдах.

 

Посмотрите также образец эссе формата ЕГЭ.

Пример личного письма, выполненного учащейся
и оцененного 6 баллов (формат ЕГЭ)

 

(2 балла – содержание, 2 балла – организация текста, 2 балла – языковое оформление текста)

 

Задание 1 для учащегося

С1.You have 20 minutes to do this task.



You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Bill who writes

 

I don’t think it will be a problem for me to choose a good job in the future

as I’m really interested in foreign languages, cultures and countries and I hope I’ll

work as a translator or teacher of foreign languages some day. Have you already

decided on your career? What job are you going to choose? Why?

I’ve lived in the USA my whole life but I’d really love to travel to other

countries…

 

 
Write a letter to Bill.

In your letter
answer his questions
ask 3 questions about his plans for travelling.

Write 100–140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

 

  12, Roditeleva Street
Kaliningrad
Russia
236023
16/05/2008

Dear Bill,

I was very happy to get your letter. Sorry, I have not written for so long because I have been busy at school studying for my exams. How are you keeping?

In your letter you speak about issues which are interesting for all teenagers. I think a lot about my future career. Furthermore, my parents help me to choose my future profession. So I have already decided on my career. I want to become a teacher of foreign languages, too. I do like to work with children. They make me feel happy.

I know that you are fond of traveling. Where are you planning to go next? Are you planning to go with your parents or friends? Where will you live there?

I am looking forward to your answer. Keep in touch.

Love,

Anna

 
Задание 2 для учащегося

C1. You have 20 minutes to do this task.



You have received a letter from your English-speaking pen friend Steve who writes

 

At school we are doing projects on reading habits of people in different

countries. Could you tell me what kind of books you and the members of your

family like reading?

As for the family news my sister got married last week…

 


Write a letter to Steve.

In your letter
tell him about the kind of books you and your relatives like to read
ask 3 questions about his sister’s husband

Write 100–140 words. Remember the rules of letter writing.

 

  Moscow
Russia
17 November

Dear Steve,

Thank you for your recent letter. I’m awfully sorry for not writing to you earlier, I had so many tasks at school that I had very little free time.

You’ve written that you are also busy doing a project at school. I’ve always thought it might be interesting to know about reading habits of people all over the world.

You ask what books my family and I like reading. In general, Russian people are a reading nation and so we are. To be honest, I’m not reading much this year as I’m preparing for the final exams, but mostly I choose fantasy books. My mother enjoys reading detective stories while my father prefers historic literature.

I’m so glad for your sister. Pass my congratulations to her, please. Is her husband British? What does he do? Where do they live?

Write back soon.

Best wishes,

Boris

 

Выполните тест на правильное оформление адреса и расположение абзацев в письме.

 

 

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