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Пробный ЕГЭ 2019 по английскому языку. Чтение 12-18
Выполните онлайн автоматизированный тест по материалам пробного ЕГЭ (апрель, 2019). Это третье задание по чтению.
Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании выберите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.
Scholastic Aptitude Test
The Scholastic Aptitude test or the SAT is a standardized test used in the United States for college admissions. High school students usually take the SAT at the end of their junior year (11 grade) of High School or at the beginning of their senior year (12 grade). Students are able to re-take the test as many times as they like on any of the test dates, which occur 6-8 times a year. The test is administered all over the world, and most big cities have at least one testing center.
The SAT is developed and run by College Board, an American non-profit organization created to provide teenagers with access to higher education. It was founded in 1899 and was originally called the College Entrance Examination Board (CHEB). Not only does it develop standardized testing, it also develops the Advances Placement (AP) Program. AP classes are offered in most High Schools in the U.S. and provide students with university level classes. These classes allow students to gain college credit and skip some of the basic courses at the university.
Today, the SAT is made up of three main parts: Evidence-Based Reading and Writing, Mathematics and the Essay, but over its long history, the SAT has undergone several changes in format, types of questions and scoring. The first standardized exam was administered by the CEEB in 1901. It consisted of a series of essay questions on topics such as Greek, Latin and Physics, it was completed over the course of 5 days. After the development of the IQ test in 1905, the SAT changed its approach to the test, now testing not specific knowledge, but aptitude for learning. By 1961 the SAT was taken by over 800 thousand students annually.
A lot of changes were made to the SAT between 1994 and 2005: the use of calculators became permitted, the reading passages were chosen to mimic texts students might encounter in college, the scoring system was changed from 1600 to 2400, and an essay section was introduced. Some of these changes were reversed in 2016; the scoring system changed back to 1600 and the essay became optional.
In recent years, the SAT has been criticized for not being a good reflection of students' academic ability. The test puts a lot of emphasis on speed and time management, prioritizing it over knowledge and reasoning. The reading section contains 52 questions based on 5 reading passages and has a time limit of 65 minutes. Even without the time it takes to read and understand each passage, this gives a student a little over a minute to answer each question, some of which are quite difficult. The other sections are no better. The whole exam takes 4 hours and 5 minutes to complete, and the breaks between its four sections are very short: a 10-minute break between the Reading and Writing sections, 5 minutes between Writing and Math, and only 2 minutes between Math and the essay. Because of these issues, more and more universities are becoming "test-optional", meaning that they do not require their students to submit standardized test scores.
In the summer of 2018, there was a scandal regarding the August SAT. The test got leaked to the internet a few days before the exam. Because of this College Board threatened to cancel all the scores. This news resulted in a lot of panicked high school seniors, who would not have time to re-take the test before their college applications were due. A lot of desperate students turned to the ACT (American College Testing), the SAT 's main rival, as an alternative standardized test.
- Выберите один из вариантов в каждом из 7 вопросов;
- Нажмите на кнопку "Показать результат";
- Скрипт не покажет результат, пока Вы не ответите на все вопросы;
- Загляните в окно рядом с номером задания. Если ответ правильный, то там (+). Если Вы ошиблись, там (-).
- За каждый правильный ответ начисляется 1 балл;
- Оценки: менее 3.5 баллов - НЕУДОВЛЕТВОРИТЕЛЬНО, от 3.5 но менее 5.25 - УДОВЛЕТВОРИТЕЛЬНО, 5.25 и менее 7 - ХОРОШО, 7 - ОТЛИЧНО;
- Чтобы сбросить результат тестирования, нажать кнопку "Сбросить ответы";
Пробный ЕГЭ 2019 по английскому языку. Чтение 11
Это второе задание раздела Чтение диагностической работы по английскому языку, которая проводилась в апреле 2019 года как пробный ЕГЭ. Тест предназначен для выполнения онлайн. Ответы сразу после выполнения. Задание 12-18 смотрите далее.
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу. В задании один заголовок лишний.
How do blind people get around safely? Some people use special guide dogs. A well-trained dog knows A_______cross busy streets and get from place to place. Some people use long white canes to help them get around.
Guide dogs and canes are helpful, but is there a better way B_______? A scientist in England thought so. He is a zoologist named Dean Waters who studies bats. He knows that bats are able to fly in the dark without bumping into things. Also, he knows that bats go by using sound to "see". Dr. Waters wondered C_______.
Bats as they fly make squeaking or clicking sounds. These sounds travel outward in waves. When the waves hit an object D_______, they echo, or bounce back. The waves travel back to the bat's ears. From the echoes, a bat learns the location and shape of objects around it. This is called echolocation.
Dr. Waters talked to other scientists, including Deborah Withington and Brian Hoyle. They all worked together and invented a new kind of cane. At first they called it a "bat cane" because the idea started with bats. The new cane has a computer in the handle. It sends out high sounds E_______. The sound waves bounce off objects and echo back. This causes buttons in the handle to buzz. With a little training, a person F_______can tell where the objects are and can "see" with sound!
1. for blind people to get around
2. if people could do something similar
3. who can hear and see well
4. how to help his master
5. that humans cannot hear
6. using the cane
7. such as a tree or a house
Пробный ЕГЭ 2019 по английскому языку. Чтение 10
Выполните первое задание по чтению из раздела 2 одного из вариантов диагностической работы по английскому языку (апрель, 2019), которая проводилась в рамках пробного ЕГЭ. Второе задание смотрите здесь.
Установите соответствие между текстами A–G и заголовками 1–8. Занесите свои ответы в таблицу. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. Moscow is not for sale
2. The city of the future
3. True to life
4. The younger generation
5. A new home
6. One of many
7. A team effort
8. A hidden treasure
A. Hotel Ukraina is a remarkable building. It is located at the beginning of Kutuzovsky Avenue on the bank of the Moskva River. Built in 1957 and having a style of its own, it is worth seeing as an architectural sight. But if you go inside and walk all the way to the end of the lobby you will be rewarded with an even better sight, the existence of which is not widely known.
B. You will see there a diorama of the central part of Moscow as it looked hack in 1977. This is a model of the center of Russia's capital that was made by a large group of artists for the 1977 Soviet National Exhibition in the USA. This true work of art has a special illumination system, so Moscow can be seen during the daytime and at night when the sky turns dark and the windows of the buildings light up.
C. The model is 16 metres wide, 6 metres tall and 9.5 metres deep. On this model you can see the Kremlin and Red Square with tourist buses parked behind St Basil's Cathedral, Rossiya Hotel, the Moskva River with river trams, the embankment with cars. New Arbat street, and even the high-rise of the Moscow State University and the Ostankino TV and radio Tower. The model is very detailed and accurate.
D. After its display in Deer Park in New York City in 1977, this unique model of Moscow travelled for several years all around the world and then back to Moscow. It won a gold medal at the Leipzig Fair and was called a masterpiece. The famous US astronaut Neil Armstrong, who was the first man to walk the surface of the Moon, wanted to buy this model of Moscow for Disneyland. But the artists refused to sell it.
E. After its return to Moscow, the model was kept at VDNH, and then was purchased by Hotel Ukraina. Since then it's been admired by the guests of this hotel. You can look at the model from two different levels - the same level as the model itself, or an upper floor. The model is supplied with several pairs of headphones with an audio guide in English, Russian, French and German, explaining which part of Moscow you are looking at.
F. Even though so special and unique, this is not the only model of Moscow that exists in the city. A new architectural model of Moscow was built at VDNH in 2017. It is a lot bigger than the 1977 model and is more up to date. It occupies a special building and can be visited free of charge. The main difference is that even though equally accurate and even more detailed, the new model is just a model and not a piece of art.
G. Perhaps, the first model of a big city was created in 1940 in Los Angeles. Since then, there have been made many models of different cities around the world. One of the most impressive ones is the model of Jerusalem, Israel. It is a 1:50- scale model of how the city looked in the 1st century AD. It occupies 2,000 square meters and is located outdoors, in the Billy Rose Sculpture garden of the Israel Museum.