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ЕГЭ 2019 по английскому языку чтение 3
Выполните тест, основанный на задании 12-18 раздела Reading демоверсии ЕГЭ 2019 года по английскому языку. Это текст, который относится к высокому уровню сложности, так как рассчитан на полное понимание информации в тексте.
The culture shock of being an international student
In my first year, I quickly found out my English was not as good as I had assumed. Most of my roommates were born and raised in Scotland, and I constantly found myself having to ask people to repeat themselves. Their Scottish accents did not help and I was mispronouncing names and places all the time. I also got confused about minor cultural things. Much to my flatmates’ amusement, it took me two Christmases to figure out that mince pies are not actually filled with minced beef.
The linguistic barrier meant that public transport was tricky at first. I found the lack of information about bus prices and how and where to get tickets really surprising. It turned a simple 15-minute journey into a daunting task.
Then I had to adjust to a new social life. I was surprised by the campus culture in the UK – in the Netherlands, most universities don’t have one main campus where you can attend university, as well as live and exercise all in the same place. But here, you never have to leave campus if you don’t want to. I had to adapt to everyone being so close to each other all the time.
Parties are different here too. In the Netherlands, the less effort you put into getting ready, the better. I’d normally slip on my trusty Converse shoes, along with some clothes I could get away with wearing to class tomorrow, and wear minimal make-up. But, in my experience, partying is more formal in the UK. Your make-up needs to be flawless and your hair needs to be immaculate. You’ll preferably be wearing a dress and heels, too. I was constantly having to borrow clothes off my friends just to fit in. Parties finish early and everyone just wanders off, whereas in my country that would be the time I’d leave the house.
But it is not all early closing times and strange pastries. Social behaviours may also confuse, surprise or offend you. For example, you may find people appear cold, distant or always in a hurry. Cultures are built on deeply-embedded sets of values, norms, assumptions and beliefs. It can be surprising and sometimes distressing to find that people do not share some of your most deeply held ideas, as most of us take our core values and beliefs for granted and assume they are universally held.
However, I have found lots of pleasant surprises in the UK too – and so have many other international students I know. My friend Agnes was taken aback by how sociable people are. She says she was shocked when complete strangers started talking to her at the bus stop. I, personally, was surprised by how smartly male students in Stirling dress compared to my home country.
Culture shock can knock your confidence in the beginning. But you are not alone in taking time to adapt, and soon you start to come to grips with all experiences. Studies suggest that taking a gap year or studying abroad can positively influence your brain to make you more outgoing and open to new ideas. Looking back, most of the ones I experienced made good stories to tell my friends.
- When she moved to Scotland, the student was mostly confused by …
- television shows.
- small unexpected things.
- the local food.
- the weather.
- Which of the following was NOT mentioned as a reason for the author’s culture shock?
- Local food.
- Traffic jams.
- Living on campus.
- Language problems.
- The word “daunting” in “ … a daunting task” (paragraph 3) is closest in meaning to …
- extremely easy.
- In paragraph 4 “Then I had to adjust to …” the author stresses that it was difficult for her to get used to …
- doing sports where she lived.
- having few social activities.
- living in the same place all the time.
- always being around the same people.
- According to the author, parties she got used to in the Netherlands …
- required greater expenses.
- made her feel uncomfortable.
- started and finished earlier.
- allowed for casual clothing.
- Which of the following statements, according to the author, is TRUE about international students in Stirling?
- They don't dress up as well as locals.
- They don't talk to strangers.
- They may experience many positive cultural surprises.
- Their eating habits are different.
- The expression “the ones” in “… most of the ones I experienced …” (paragraph 7) refers to …
- culture shocks.
- studies abroad.
- feelings about friends.
- gap years.
ЕГЭ 2019 по английскому языку чтение 2
Выполните автоматизированный тест онлайн. Задание Reading 11 демоверсии егэ по английскому языку относится к повышенному уровню сложности и проверяет понимание структурно-смысловых связей в тексте, т.е. фразы, которые нужно вставить в текст, должны подходить не только по смыслу, но и по грамматическим критериям.
Впечатайте номера выбранных ответов в таблицу правого столбика и нажмите на Check.
Третий тест по чтению смотрите здесь.
The life of Pi
At the start of the book, we B_______ in India. His father owns the city zoo and the family home is in the zoo. When they aren’t at school, Pi and his brother help their father at the zoo and he learns a lot about animals.
When Pi is sixteen, his parents decide to close the zoo and move to Canada. They travel by ship taking the animals with them. On the way, there is C________. Sadly, Pi’s family and the sailors all die in the storm, but Pi lives and finds himself in a lifeboat with a hyena, zebra, orangutan and an enormous tiger. At first, Pi is scared of the animals and jumps into the ocean. Then he remembers there are sharks in the water and decides to climb back into the lifeboat. One by one, the animals in the lifeboat kill and eat each other, till only Pi and the tiger are left alive. Luckily for Pi, there is D_______, but he soon needs to start catching fish. He feeds the tiger to stop it killing and eating him. He also uses a whistle and E________ and show it that he’s the boss.
Pi and the tiger spend 227 days in the lifeboat. They live through terrible storms and the burning heat of the Pacific sun. They are often hungry and ill. Finally, they arrive at the coast of Mexico, but you will have to F_______ in the end!
ЕГЭ 2019 по английскому языку чтение 1
Выполните тест по английскому языку онлайн из задания демоверсии 2019 по чтению. Это задание 10, которое относится к базовому уровню и проверяет понимание основного содержания текста. Воспользуйтесь полосой прокрутки, чтобы увидеть текст полностью. Ответы впечатайте в таблицу правого столбика.
Второе задание раздела Reading смотрите здесь.
B. Novgorodian traders were the first to show an interest in Perm. Starting from the 15th century, the Muscovite princes included the area in their plans to create a unified Russian state. During this time the first Russian villages appeared in the northern part of the region. The first industry to appear in the area was a salt factory, which developed on the Usolka river in the city of Solikamsk. Rich salt reserves generated great interest on the part of Russia’s wealthiest merchants, some of whom bought land there.
C. The history of the modern city of Perm starts with the development of the Ural region by Tsar Peter the Great. Perm became the capital of the region in 1781 when the territorial structure of the country was reformed. A special commission determined that the best place would be at the crossroads of the Trans-Siberian Railroad, which runs east-west and the Kazan line, which runs north-south. This choice resulted in Perm becoming a major trade and Industrial centre. The city quickly grew to become one of the biggest in the region.
D. Perm is generally stable and peaceful, so the shocks of 1917 did not reach it right away. Neither did they have the same bloody results as in Petrograd. Perm tried to distance itself from the excesses and did not share the enthusiasm for change of its neighbours. Residents supported more moderate parties. They voted for the establishment of a west European style democracy in Russia. Unfortunately, the city could not stay completely unaffected, as both the White and the Red armies wanted its factories.
E. Perm’s desire for stability and self-control made the region seem like a “swamp” during the democratic reforms of the 1990s. Unlike other regions, there were no intense social conflicts or strikes. Nevertheless, Perm was always among the regions that supported the democratic movement. In the 1999 elections, the party that wanted to continue the reforms won a majority in the region. So the city got an unofficial status of “the capital of civil society” or even “the capital of Russian liberalism”.
F. During the Second World War many factories were moved to Perm Oblast and continued to work there after it ended. Chemicals, non-ferrous metallurgy, and oil refining were the key industries after the war. Other factories produced aircraft engines, equipment for telephones, ships, bicycles, and cable. Perm press produces about 70 percent of Russia’s currency and stamped envelopes. Nowadays several major business companies are located in Perm. The biggest players of Russian aircraft industry are among them.
G. Perm has at least a dozen theatres featuring productions that are attracting audiences from faraway cities, and even from abroad. The broad esplanade running from the city’s main square has become the site of almost continuous international art, theatre and music fairs during the summer. Even the former prison camp with grim walls outside town was converted into a theater last July for a production of “Fidelio”, Beethoven’s opera about political repression. The performance was well-reviewed.