Все презентации являются авторскими разработками. Однако, использованные графика, видео и аудиоматериалы взяты, в основном, из свободных источников, поэтому на них не требуются ссылки, и они собственностью автора не являются. Скачивание презентаций разрешается только для некоммерческих целей. Запрещается публиковать данные работы на других сайтах без разрешения автора. Все презентации созданы в PowerPoint 2007. Для полноценного их использования вам понадобятся Windows Media Player и Flash player. В некоторых работах использованы макросы, поэтому необходимо уровень безопасности поставить на средний.
Демо ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2021
Раздел 2 («Чтение»), как и раньше, содержит 9 заданий. Рекомендуемое время на выполнение заданий раздела 2 составляет 30 минут. Текст и задания остались такими же, как в 2020 году.
Выполните онлайн первый текст по чтению, а следующий смотрите здесь.
Most of Africa’s rural peoples use natural resources that are locally available for their homes. In grasslands, people typically use grass to cover the walls and roofs. In forested areas, they use hardwoods as well as bamboo and raffia palm. Earth and clay are also major resources used in construction. In areas with few natural resources, people often live as nomads, moving from place to place. Instead of making permanent homes, they usually use simple shelters or tents made of animal skins and woven hair.
An architect must consider how a structure will be used and by whom. An apartment building, a palace, a hospital, a museum, an airport, and a sports arena all have different construction requirements. Another factor is the ideas the structure should communicate. For example, some buildings are made to impress people with a display of power and wealth; others – to make everyone feel welcome. Other things to consider are the location and surrounding environment, including weather, and the cost of materials.
Did you know that an eleven-year-old child first created the Popsicle? The boy’s name was Frank Epperson. In 1905, Frank left a mixture of water and powdered soda out on his porch by mistake. It also contained a stir stick. That night, fortunately for Frank, the temperatures fell to a record low. As a result, he discovered the substance had frozen to the stick, and a frozen fruit flavoured ice treat was created. He decided to call it the epsicle, which was later patented by him and named as Popsicle.
As Earth goes around the sun, the North Pole points to the same direction in space. For about six months every year, the North Pole is tilted towards the sun. During this time, the Northern Hemisphere gets more direct sunlight than the Southern Hemisphere and more hours of daylight. During the other six months, the North Pole is tilted away from the sun. When the Northern Hemisphere gets the most sunlight, it experiences spring and summer. At the same time, the Southern Hemisphere gets autumn and winter.
In southern Peru, there is an isolated plateau where the wind almost never blows. Here, around the year 400 to 650 AD, the people of the Nazca culture created the famous Nazca lines, by removing the red stones covering the ground so that the white earth beneath was visible. These Nazca lines are actually portraits of animals such as monkeys, birds or fish. It is a mystery how such a primitive civilization could create such artwork with precision when they had no means of viewing their work from the air.
Antarctica, which is the southernmost and fifth largest continent, does not have twenty-four-hour periods divided into days and nights. In the South Pole, the sun rises on about September 21 and moves in a circular path until it sets on about March 22. This “day”, or summer, is six months long. During this period, if the weather conditions are good, the sun can be seen twenty-four hours a day. From March 22 until September 21, the South Pole is dark, and Antarctica has its “night”, or winter.
Any ship that hits an iceberg can be damaged. The most famous iceberg in history sank the “Titanic”, a ship travelling in the northern Atlantic Ocean, on April 15, 1912. The ship’s side scraped the iceberg, which tore holes in the hull. Within three hours, the ship was at the bottom of the ocean. After the loss of the “Titanic”, several nations worked together to establish the International Ice Patrol. Today the U.S. Coast Guard runs the patrol, which warns ships about icebergs floating in Atlantic shipping routes.
Досрочный ЕГЭ по английскому языку 2020 Грамматика и лексика.
Те, кто готовится к ЕГЭ по английскому языку могут здесь потренироваться в выполнении лексико-грамматического теста по реальным материалам досрочного ЕГЭ 2020 года. Остальные тесты и тренажер устной части этого варианта смотрите здесь.
Весь раздел из трех заданий заключен в одном тесте, выполнив который вы получите общий результат.
1 задание на грамматику, (времена глагола, местоимения, степени сравнения и т.д.)
2 задание на словообразование.
3 задание на лексику.
При выполнении 1 и 2 задания впечатайте свои варианты ответов словами, а в третьем только номера выбранных слов. Для проверки нажмите на кнопку Check.
*Можно выполнять задания выборочно, не обращая внимания на проценты. Просто невыполненные и неверные ответы останутся в окошечках. Можно делать исправления.
Раздел 3. Грамматика и лексика
Досрочный ЕГЭ 2020. Онлайн тест по аудированию.
Те, кто готовится сдавать ЕГЭ по английскому языку или просто хочет улучшить свои знания по предмету, стараются использовать любую возможность попрактиковаться в аудировании. Особенно полезно примерить на себя реальные варианты экзамена. На три текста раздела Listening отводится 30 минут.
Обратите внимание, в данных вариантах аудио текстов отсутствуют все вводные объяснения и паузы. Чтобы прослушать запись второй раз, просто включите её сначала. Так вы сэкономите время, так легче найти непонятные абзацы и т.д. Но всё же для начала попробуйте выполнить все задания подряд самостоятельно. Результат можно увидеть сразу, щелкнув по кнопке Check.
В левой колонке теста расположены все три задания, а в правой даны таблицы для заполнения.
Другие онлайн тесты и тренажеры смотрите в разделе Учащимся.Экзамены и ВПР.
1. Time travel might be very risky.
2. Time travel is probably impossible.
3. Time travel may be a chance to live in another epoch.
4. Time travel has more pros than cons.
5. A time machine can help us learn about our past.
6. We need to wait to be able to travel through time.
7. A time machine is a chance to see the future.
№2. Вы услышите диалог. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений А–G соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated). Занесите номер выбранного Вами варианта ответа в таблицу. Вы услышите запись дважды.
A. John and Sandra live in the UK.
B. John is pessimistic about the weather for the next week.
C. Sandra’s parents travel very often.
D. It’s Sandra’s first visit to Thailand.
E. The best time to visit the floating markets is the midday.
F. Sandra’s mother didn’t buy anything in Bangkok.
G. John thinks it’s not worth going to Bangkok’s markets.
№3. Вы услышите интервью. В заданиях 3–9 запишите в поле ответа цифру 1, 2 или 3, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа. Вы услышите запись дважды.
3. What do we learn about Peter Green at the beginning of the interview?
1) He has no experience of working in Hollywood.
2) His parents were quite rich people.
3) His childhood years weren’t easy.
4. How does Peter describe himself at the beginning of his TV career?
5. What helped Peter to get his first TV job?
1) Writing 25 scripts.
2) Meeting a TV boss.
3) Doing things his way.
6. What did Peter feel while working on his first project?
7. How does Peter’s teaching experience help him be a producer?
1) He learnt teambuilding techniques at school.
2) He knows how to deal with different people.
3) He can be a strict mentor for his team now.
8. Which of the following is TRUE about Peter at work?
1) He is ready to build up his team.
2) He has a low opinion of TV in general.
3) He never invites any freelancers.
9. What does Peter dislike about his present job?
1) Having to travel to and from work.
2) Having too many colleagues.
3) Having to work very quickly.
Досрочный ЕГЭ 2020 английский язык. Чтение 3
Итак, третье последнее задание по чтению №12-18 досрочного ЕГЭ 2020 года. Это реальный открытый вариант для подготовки к итоговой аттестации по английскому языку, предоставленный фипи. Выполняем в виде онлайн теста и сразу видим свои результаты. Текст рассчитан на полное понимание, так что будьте внимательны ко всем деталям. Задания по аудированию, лексике и грамматике и устной речи смотрите в меню материалов по ЕГЭ за 2020 год.
Agatha Christie’s secret life as an archaeologist
Married in 1930 to Max Mallowan, an eminent archaeologist, Christie spent two decades living on excavation sites in the Middle East, writing her crimenovels and helping out with her husband’s work. Travel by boat and on the Orient Express to Cairo, Damascus and Baghdad provided ideas for some of Christie’s best-known works of detective fiction, including “Murder on the Orient Express”, “Death on the Nile”, and “Murder in Mesopotamia”.
Now, 3,000-year-old ivory artifacts recovered by Mallowan between 1949 and 1963 from the ancient city of Nimrud, in what is now Iraq, and likely cleaned by his famous wife using cotton wool buds and face cream, are currently on display at the British Museum in London. “Face cream in fact is quite a good thing to clean (artifacts) with. Obviously conservators now wouldn’t use that, but I don’t think it has done (the pieces) any harm,” he claimed, adding that in fact it was quite resourceful of Christie to think of applying her Innoxa face cream to the fragile, dirty pieces. “Agatha, who was very conscious of being fifteen years older than her husband, travelled everywhere with her moisturiser and it was just the right consistency for cleaning artifacts,” said Henrietta McCall, the author of “The Life of Max Mallowan: Archaeology and Agatha Christie.”
Christie’s interest in archaeology, according to McCall, went deeper than support for her husband’s work and even formed the backdrop to works such as “Murder in Mesopotamia”, in which the culprit turns out to be an archaeologist. Several of the characters in the book can be traced to the people Christie knew from a dig in Ur in what is modern Iraq, including the murder victim, which McCall believes is based on the wife of archaeologist Leonard Woolley. “She made a wonderful quote on archaeology and crime detection, that they are very similar because you have to clear away the debris to reveal the shining truth,” said McCall. And Christie’s elaborate plotting and clue building came in handy when piecing together broken artifacts.
According to the archaeologist Charlotte Trumpler, “Christie was of course fascinated by puzzles, using little archaeological fragments, and she had a gift for piecing them together very patiently.” Trumpler co-curated a 2001-2 travelling exhibition “Agatha Christie and Archaeology: Mystery in Mesopotamia” alongside Henrietta McCall.
Although Christie played an important role in her husband’s work, even financing many of his expeditions, she was, according to McCall, very modest about her contributions. She was fiercely proud of Mallowan, who is often referred to as one of the best-known archaeologists of the post-WWII period. However, Trumpler believes that though Christie never publically mentioned it, her contribution to archaeology was larger than she imagined. Her notes and black and white photographs of excavation sites are used by archaeologists and researchers even today, she said.
Christie’s readiness to muck in and help her husband, says Trumpler, stemmed from her desire to be a devoted wife but also from a fascination with the Middle East that stayed with her for many years. “Everyone thinks Agatha Christie was a bit like the character Miss Marple, that she lived in England and was into knitting and looking after the garden,” said Trumpler. “Actually, she wasn’t … she had such a fascinating life apart from being an author.”
- The word pedigree (“... the extent of Agatha Chistie’s pedigree”) in Paragraph 1 is
synonymous to …
- What do we learn about Agatha Christie from the second paragraph?
- Some of her voyages and journeys inspired her.
- Her husband’s work put her off writing novels.
- She was responsible for the excavation work.
- Her husband discussed his discoveries with her.
- The word it in Paragraph 3 (“... I don’t think it has done …”) refers to using …
- her good idea.
- her moisturiser.
- discovered artifacts.
- a special tool.
- According to Henrietta McCall, Agatha Christie found similarity between archaeology and crime detection because …
- people enjoy discovering what is hidden.
- archaeologists turn out to be criminals.
- the discovery requires a lot of digging up.
- clearing away the rubbish is really hard.
- Which statement is TRUE according to the archaeologist Charlotte Trumpler?Agatha Christie …
- could make a whole from parts.
- loved solving jigsaw puzzles.
- was a famous archaeologist.
- used to be a very impatient person.
- Why does Charlotte Trumpler admire Christie’s role in archaeology?
- Her money helped her husband’s expeditions.
- Her modesty is an example for other archaeologists.
- She promoted Mallowan archaeological research.
- The records she made are still in demand nowadays.
- What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
- Agatha Christie supported her husband’s work.
- The famous writer had very common hobbies.
- Little do we know about Agatha Christie’s life.
- Miss Marple is similar in character to her creator.
Досрочный ЕГЭ 2020 английский язык. Чтение 2
Продолжаем серию онлайн тестов по материалам досрочного ЕГЭ 2020 года. Читаем текст задания 11 и выбираем части предложений для вставки. Не забываем про логику и лексико-грамматическую сочетаемость данных фрагментов с остальным текстом. Последнее задание №12-18 вы найдете здесь.
State History Museum
The impressive collection of the State History Museum includes relics of prehistoric tribes C__________________ present-day Russia. The exhibits about medieval Russia are excellent. Several rooms of this period cover the Mongol invasions D__________________. The 2nd floor is dedicated to the Imperial period. The exhibits include personal items of the royal family members, furniture and decoration from the
palace interiors. There are also various pieces of artworks and documents from the era. Specific rooms are dedicated to the reigns of various tsars. An unexpected highlight is an exhibition E__________________ by examining the growing network of roads and how people travelled in the past. The State History Museum has also the country’s largest coin collection, the 6th-century manuscripts and artworks F__________________ during their reign.
Досрочный ЕГЭ 2020 английский язык. Чтение 1
Выполните реальный вариант ЕГЭ 2020 года по чтению. Начинаем с №10. Соотносим абзацы с заголовками. Стараемся выполнять быстро, делая упор на ключевые слова и фразы. Следующее 11 задание смотрите далее.
When a person has excess weight or body fat, this might affect their health. It is usually caused by the consumption of more calories than the body can use. The excess calories are stored as fat. Obesity is a medical condition. It was first recognized as a disease in 1948 by the World Health Organisation (WHO). Obese people suffer from a large number of diseases. In most people, obesity is caused by eating too much and moving too little. There are different types of obesity.
It’s never too late to become more physically active. Physical activity refers to any movement of the body that uses energy. It can include housework, walking and gardening. Exercise is a kind of physical activity. It is planned and repetitive. Examples of exercise are going to the gym and running on a treadmill. If you are interested in maintaining good health, physical activity can be a great place to start. If you want to achieve fitness goals, you will need to incorporate structured exercise into your routine.
Exercising regularly is one of the most important things you can do for your health. In the short term, exercise helps to control appetite, boost mood and improve sleep. In the long term, it reduces the risk of heart disease, stroke, diabetes, dementia and depression. Exercise plays a vital role in building and maintaining strong muscles and bones. Regular exercise also increases your chances of living longer. There are many types of physical activity, including swimming, running, jogging, walking and dancing.
Sleep plays an essential role in your health and well-being. Getting enough good quality sleep has many benefits. It protects your physical and mental health, quality of life and personal safety. When we sleep, our brain lays down memory, restores daytime mental functioning and carries out processes that lead to physical growth. Poor sleep is strongly linked to weight gain. People with short sleep duration tend to weigh significantly more than those who get adequate sleep. Mental health issues are strongly linked to poor sleep quality.
Sleep is a vital indicator of overall health and well-being. On average, adults should optimally receive between seven and nine hours of sleep each night, but those needs vary individually. For example, some people feel best with eight consecutive hours of sleep, while others do well with six to seven hours at night and daytime napping. Some people feel okay when their sleep schedule changes, while others feel strongly affected by a new schedule or even one night of insufficient sleep.
Obesity develops when energy intake is greater than expenditure. Diet and physical activity play an important part in this. However, an additional factor may be inadequate sleep. A growing body of research suggests that there’s a link between how much people sleep and how much they weigh. In general, children and adults who get too little sleep tend to weigh more than those who get enough sleep. People who don’t get enough sleep may take in more calories than those who do, simply because they are awake longer and have more opportunities to eat.
People find it harder to fall asleep when they are anxious and sad. The relationship between mood disorders and quality sleep is a complex, two-way street. Just as negative mood states can make getting a good night’s sleep a virtual impossibility, insufficient sleep can lead to depression. Regardless of which comes first, the end result is that a blue mood and poor sleep go hand-inhand. The amount and quality of our sleep can play a huge role in our mental health including how we feel and how we act toward other people.