русской училки




тесты и игры:





Посетите мой блог



 Готовится к выпуску
авторский диск
с разработками
в PowerPoint


Учительский портал



Устная часть ЕГЭ:

Речевые клише для заданий 3 и 4

Как описать фото? Как сравнить две фотографии? Следующие слова и выражения помогут вам это сделать.

I took this photo last summer when I was in...

I'd like to show you this photo because...

The picture/photo  shows...

In the picture I  can see...

There is/are ...in this picture

The central focus of the picture is…

On the right/left there is/are...

There is/are ... in the background

The people in the picture are ...

The people in the picture look happy because ...

The people in the picture seem sad  because ...

The general atmosphere in the picture is positive because...

The weather in the picture is...

It seems to me that/It looks like….

I guess/I imagine…

As I see it…

From my point of view…

It is not very clear, but probably…

I’m not sure, but it could be…

The picture makes me feel happy/sad/…

The picture inspires me to think about…

The picture gives me the impression that…

To sum up/To summarize

Comparing and contrasting

In the first photo...

In the second photo ...

Both photos show...

The pictures are similar because they both...

The photos are really different/similar, for example...

In both pictures the people are...

I think the common theme here is ...

One/the main  similarity/difference between the pictures  is that...

What both pictures have in common is...

However, there are also some differences between the pictures.

The picture on the left  is ... than the other one.

The second picture  contains...  whereas the first picture...


Демо ЕГЭ 2015 (12-18)

Прочитайте текст и выполните задания 12–18. В каждом задании выберите цифру 1, 2, 3 или 4, соответствующую выбранному Вами варианту ответа.

Space could solve water problems
Have you ever tasted saltwater? I guess you have and if so, you will agreewith me that it’s not very refreshing. In fact, drinking more than a few cups worthcan kill you.

According to the United States Geological Survey, whose mission is tocollect and disseminate reliable, impartial, and timely information that is needed tounderstand the nation’s water resources, about ninety-seven percent of the water onour planet is saltwater; the rest is stored in lakes, rivers, glaciers and aquifersunderground. Moreover, only about one-third of the world’s potential fresh watercan be used for human needs. As pollution increases, the amount of usable waterdecreases.
Water is the most precious and taken-for-granted resource we have on Earth.It is also one of the most threatened resources. Increased population and possibleclimate change will put more and more strain on supplies of this vital resource astime goes on. What could we do in this situation? Though it may seem like sciencefiction, the solution could lie in outer space.
I’m not saying we’re going to be teleporting to a spring on the other side ofthe galaxy or colonizing another planet just to have longer showers – it’s muchmore mundane than that. What we could achieve realistically in this century is thesuccessful use of the solar system’s rare metals and water, barring the invention ofthe matrix.
You may be surprised to learn that the metal in your keys, coins, cell phone,computer, car and everywhere else, originally came to this planet from space.When Earth formed, the heavy metals sank to the center and formed a solid core.The lighter elements formed the mantle and the crust we live on. Asteroids andcomets that struck the Earth brought water and metals to the surface.
There are thousands of asteroids orbiting near Earth. Most asteroids aremade of rock, but some are composed of metal, mostly nickel and iron. Probescould be sent out to these to identify useful ones. Then larger probes could pushthem towards the Earth where they can be handled in orbit.
In order to fuel ships and probes, we simply need to find a source of water,such as a comet or the surface of the moon. We collect the water and pass anelectric current through it from a solar panel. The water separates into oxygen andhydrogen, which in liquid form is a powerful rocket fuel.
Is this really possible? We may soon find out. Private company SpaceX hasalready started delivering equipment to the International Space Station (ISS).The ISS is proof that countries once at each other’s throats, like America andRussia, can work together and pull off multi-billion dollar projects.
Recently, a company called Planetary Resources Inc. made the news forgetting big names like Google and Microsoft to invest in exploring asteroids for material gain. Although it will take many decades, it is wise to put the gears in motion now.
We’ve already landed probes on the surface of asteroids and taken samples from them. We can put something as large as the ISS, which weighs just short of 500 tons, according to National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), in orbit.
We can make a half-million-mile round-trip to get rocks from the moon. We can do all of these things already. They just need to be applied and developed in a smart way.

1. 12.What problem is raised in the article?
Cooperation in space.
Threats of climate change.
Danger of drinking salt water.
Lack of water supplies on Earth.

2. 13.According to the author, the information published in the US Geological Survey is meant to …
assure the nation that there is still enough of usable water.
help to monitor the state of the country’s water resources.
demonstrate the quality of water the nation uses.demonstrate the quality of water the nation uses.
warn the public about the dangers of water pollution.

3. 14.The author thinks that outer space …
is dangerous because of asteroids.
is a source of important supplies.
is not studied properly.
should be colonized.

4. 15.According to the author, the space water sources may be used for …
fuel production.
water supplies for spaceships.
moon exploration.
the production of electricity.

5. 16.The Google and Microsoft (paragraph 9) are mentioned to …
explain how Planetary Resources Inc. became famous.
prove that asteroids can be commercially attractive.
show that space research is important for computer science.
prove that asteroids can interfere with the Internet.

6. 17.The expression “put the gears in motion” in “…it is wise to put the gears in motion now” (paragraph 9) means …
to explore.
to begin.
to move.
to invest.

7. 18.What idea is stressed in the last two paragraphs?
There is room for further achievements in space exploration.
Asteroids are unique objects for scientific research.
Only smart administration can manage space programs.
International Space Station is the heaviest object in space.

Score =
Correct answers:


Демо ЕГЭ 2015 (11)

Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A–F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1–7. Одна из частей в списке 1–7 лишняя. Занесите цифры, обозначающие соответствующие части предложений, в таблицу.

Promoting language learning
The European Union (EU) is committed to supporting the rights of its citizens to personal and professional mobility, and their ability to communicate with each other. It does so by A_____________________ to promote the teaching and learning of European languages. These programmes have at least one thing in common: they cover cross-border projects involving partners from two, and often three or more, EU countries.
The EU programmes are designed to complement the national education policies of member countries. Each government is responsible for its own national education policy, B_____________________. What the EU programmes do is to create links between countries and regions via joint projects, C_____________________.
Since 2007 the main programmes have been put under the overall umbrella of the EU’s lifelong learning programme. All languages are eligible for support under this programme: official languages, regional, minority and migrant languages, D_____________________. There are national information centres in each country, E_____________________.
The cultural programmes of the EU also promote linguistic and cultural diversity in a number of ways. The “Media” programme funds the dubbing and subtitling of European films for F _____________________. The “Culture” programme builds cross-cultural bridges by supporting the translation of modern authors into other EU languages.

1. and the languages of the EU’s major trading partners
2. which includes language teaching and learning
3. cinemas and television in other EU countries
4. which enhance the impact of language teaching and learning
5. funding a number of educational programmes
6. and encouraging people to learn new languages
7. where details about the application procedures are given


© 2012-2015 English Study Cafe. Все права защищены.
Created by Efimovlab

Яндекс.Метрика Рейтинг@Mail.ru