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Пробный ЕГЭ 2013. Чтение В3
Диагностическая работа №2
Прочитайте текст и заполните пропуски A- F частями предложений, обозначенными цифрами 1- 7. Одна из частей в списке 1- 7 - лишняя.
Fleet Street runs east from the Royal Courts of Justice as far as Ludgate Circus. It takes its name from the Fleet River, A ____________ where Farrington Road now stands. At that time traffic had to cross over the Fleet Bridge in order to reach the cathedral.
Fleet Street’s associations with printing go back to the end of the 15th century, when the pioneer publisher Wynkyn de Worde moved here from Westminster. Between 1500 and his death in 1535, from his premises he printed and published hundreds of books, B ___________ (the Inns of Court and Blackfriars Monastery were both nearby).
Other printers also working in the area included Richard Pynson, printer to the king after 1508, C ____________ of Fleet Street and Chancery Lane. In 1530 Sir Thomas More’s nephew William Rastell began printing and selling books from premises in St Bride’s churchyard, D ____________ in 1557.
It was clear that the publishing industry was here to stay. A key date in the history of Fleet Street was the year 1702 E ____________. Since then the street became home to hundreds of newspapers, and its name is still synonymous with British national journalism.
This state of affairs only came to an end in 1980’s, F ____________ caused by the changeover to the new technology, which necessitated relocating to gain more space. The Times led the way, to Docklands, and within a few years Fleet Street was stripped of its soul.
1. whose office was at the corner
2. which years ago followed the route
3. when the British press was going through a period of deep crisis
4. bringing out an edition of his uncle’s works
5. many on legal and religious subject
6. including the publishers of Thackeray and the Brontë sisters
7. when the first newspaper, the Daily Courant, appeared
Пробный ЕГЭ 2013. Чтение В2
Диагностическая работа №2
Установите соответствие между заголовками 1-8 и текстами A-G. Используйте каждую цифру только один раз. В задании один заголовок лишний.
1. No Longer a Good Reason
2. Violation of Authors' Rights
3. What's the Remedy?
4. Bad Any Way You Look At It
5. Naïve Teachers
6. Simply Irresistible Even for the Best
7. A Lethal Error
8. A Growing Problem
A. One of the biggest problems in schools and universities is cheating. Cheating is a dishonest act in which students attempt to pass off somebody else's work as their own. Not only is it a form of stealing, it robs the students themselves of the knowledge they would have received from doing the work themselves. In addition, it is unfair to students who have done the work honestly and who may possibly get lower marks than those who have cheated. It is therefore in everyone's interest to solve this problem.
B. Students have always cheated. However, in recent years this problem has increased tremendously. With the universal presence of computer technology, the Internet, and recently the wide availability of smart phones (more powerful than the fastest home computers 10 years ago) cheating has become simpler and more sophisticated in many ways. Using computer technology to cheat is often referred to as cyber-cheating and has made cheating not only easier and more widespread, but also more difficult to detect.
C. Before the Internet, students would copy the answers to homework from other children. In the era of cyber-cheating, however, there are special sites on the net that have photocopied scans of school textbooks. Students can easily and quickly find answers to homework problems for Chemistry, Algebra, History, English or any other subject. Even students who make good marks in school admit to using such sites when pressed for time. For those who have low marks, it is a temptation that they cannot help succumbing to.
D. Making cheat-sheets is an old tradition for many students. It has often been remarked that the time and effort it takes to make them often means that they are no longer necessary because the student has by that time already learned the material. With cyber-cheating, even that excuse is no longer true. Children can download pre-made cheat- sheets from special websites that are ready to use. In addition, many children use their telephones as cheat-sheets. Since nothing is prepared, but simply copied and printed out, no learning takes place.
E. Another effect of cyber-cheating is plagiarism. Students have always cheated by copying from books. In the past, this was limited to what could be found in bookstores and libraries. With the Internet, however, vast resources of information are only a mouse click away. It is not surprising that plagiarism as a form of cheating has become commonplace. It has gone so far that there are even some students who mistakenly think this is the proper way to write an essay.
F. Another problem of cyber-cheating is the generation gap between students and teachers. Many teachers are simply not aware of the many ways in which students are cheating by using gadgets and the Internet. Many are also not aware of the numerous on-line sites and communities dedicated to cheating. Such sites exploit children by exposing them to spam, and even computer viruses. This is another dark side of cyber- cheating that many teachers and educators fail to see.
G. It is likely that the problem of cyber-cheating will only get worse if teachers and educators don't take steps to address it. Such steps as forbidding students to bring phones to class could help. Well-known cheating sites on the Internet could be blocked by parents at home and on school computers. Finally, students should be educated and informed as to why cheating is wrong and how it deprives them of knowledge. They need to understand that it defeats the whole purpose of going to school in the first place.