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Диагностическая работа октябрь 2013 г.
чтение 2 (вариант 2)

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 9 – 14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated).

The Eiffel Tower

Tourists visiting Paris never miss its main landmark, the Eiffel Tower. The most visited monument in the world, the tower took its name after its creator, Gustave Eiffel, a talented engineer and architect. He was born in Dijon, France in 1832. His mother owned a coal business and was quite an influential figure. Due to her money, but not only, Eiffel got a very good education. In 1855 he graduated from the College of Art and Manufacturing in Paris. After graduation, Eiffel specialized in metal construction, most notably bridges. After he had gained experience, he set up his own company and designed several bridges in France and Portugal. His railway bridges were really impressive – they were cleverly designed and contributed a lot to the development of the railroads and their safety.
As his career advanced, Eiffel moved away from bridgework. In 1879 he created the dome for the astronomical observatory in Nice, France. Soon Eiffel was offered a job as an engineer for the Statue of Liberty construction. The project had been started by another famous engineer, Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, who unexpectedly died in 1879. Eiffel created a new support system for the statue, developed its iron construction, and successfully completed the project. The Statue of Liberty was first constructed in Paris to make sure there were no faults. Then it was taken to pieces and delivered to America as a gift from the French nation.

Gustave Eiffel had a brilliant portfolio of outstanding constructions, however, he is best known for the Eiffel Tower. Located in Paris, it became the symbol of the city that inspires love and romance.
The Eiffel Tower was built for the Universal Exhibition of 1889. It remained the highest construction for forty years. To get to the top, visitors can either use the staircase or go by the elevator. Naturally, there are many adventurers who try to get to the top without any elevator. Mind that the number of the steps from the ground level to the platform on the top is 1710!

The tower of 324 metres high was constructed in record time – in 2 years, 2 months and 5 days. Surprisingly, when it was built, it was not well-received by the French. They considered it vulgar and extreme and said it spoiled the romantic image of the city. It should also be mentioned that at first the Eiffel Tower was meant as a temporary structure – it was scheduled to be turned down in 1909.
Luckily, it never happened. People all over the world fell in love with the tower that provides a bird's eye view of the city.



    Инструкция

  1. Gustave Eiffel was born into a well-to-do family.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  2. Gustave Eiffel was the brightest student in the College of Art and Manufacturing.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  3. At the beginning of his career, Gustave Eiffel focused on bridges.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  4. Gustave Eiffel refused to take part in the Statue of Liberty project.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  5. Gustave Eiffel considered the Eiffel Tower his best creation.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  6. When the Eiffel Tower was built, all the people of Paris approved of its design.
    True
    False
    Not stated

    

Диагностическая работа октябрь 2013 г.
чтение 2 (вариант 1)

Прочитайте текст. Определите, какие из приведённых утверждений 9 – 14 соответствуют содержанию текста (1 – True), какие не соответствуют (2 – False) и о чём в тексте не сказано, то есть на основании текста нельзя дать ни положительного, ни отрицательного ответа (3 – Not stated).

Thomas Gainsborough

Thomas Gainsborough is a famous English portrait and landscape painter. He was born in England in 1727 and was one of nine children in the family of a wool merchant. His parents discovered the boy’s talent in an interesting and unusual way. Thomas spent his childhood in the country. Once, while walking near his father’s house, he saw a thief climbing over the wall of their neighbour’s garden. Thomas had a look at the man, went back home and drew a portrait of the thief. When his father told his family about the robbery, young Thomas showed him the picture. The portrait of the stranger was taken to the police. The portrait was so good and precise that the thief was caught and punished soon after.
Thomas’ mother encouraged her son's talent and Gainsborough made a rather impressive portfolio at a young age. By 10, the young artist had drawn quite a lot of local village landscapes, and added several caricatures. His father was impressed by his works and allowed Thomas to go to London, where he studied at an academy in St. Martin's Lane.
The young artist painted landscapes. They were wonderful but were not selling very well. Soon the painter married and moved to Bath. To support his family Thomas started to paint portraits. And very soon Thomas Gainsborough became a well-known artist and a wealthy person.
Money allowed him to get into music. He learned to play several musical instruments and employed international musicians to play in his house. He once said, "I paint portraits to live, landscapes because I love them, and music because I can't leave it alone".
In his lifetime Thomas Gainsborough painted many pictures - more than 500. About 200 of these were paintings of people.
The painting of The Blue Boy is perhaps one of the best-known works by Gainsborough. Although the painter himself preferred landscapes, it is his portrait works that give him lasting fame.
Thomas Gainsborough died in 1788 at the age of 61. Major works by Gainsborough in Britain can be seen at the Tate Britain Gallery and the National Gallery (London), and the National Gallery of Scotland (Edinburgh).



    Инструкция

  1. Thomas Gainsborough’s father was a famous landscape painter.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  2. Young Thomas helped the police to find a thief.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  3. Thomas’ parents were against the boy’s wish to become an artist.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  4. Thomas Gainsborough became rich and famous due to his portraits.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  5. Thomas Gainsborough wrote several pieces of music.
    True
    False
    Not stated
  6. The picture The Blue Boy is exhibited in the National Gallery in London.
    True
    False
    Not stated

    
 

 

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