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Reading 5-6 класс (2)

Всероссийская олимпиада школьников по английскому языку 2017–2018 уч. г. Школьный этап. Москва.

Reading (task 2)

Read the text below. Then complete the gaps 8–15 in the text with eight of the phrases. There are two extra phrases.
More People Who Changed the World
Have you ever stood in a lift and wondered if it can crash to the ground?
There’s no need to worry! In 1854, the American engineer Elisha Graves Otis invented a safety brake (8) . Three years later he designed the first passenger lifts in the United States. Thanks to Otis, people no longer had to climb hundreds of stairs (9) , and so buildings could be much taller. Thanks to Otis we have skyscrapers today!
The telescope was invented in Holland in 1608. The Italian astronomer Galileo Galilei heard about this new invention in 1609 and soon he built his own telescope. He used it to prove his theory (10) . He also used it to make important discoveries about the Moon, the planets and the stars. Thanks to Galileo, we now know much more (11) .
In 1925 the American inventor Clarence Birdseye created the world’s first quick-frozen food. He was able to develop a freezing process which kept food fresh and tasty. He then invented a fast-freezing machine (12) . As a result of his work, there is now a lot of different kinds of frozen food which you can buy (13) .
Our world of modern global communications began on 4 October, 1957, when the Soviet Union sent Sputnik 1 into space – it was the first (14) . It was invented by aircraft engineer and rocket designer Sergei Pavlovich Korolyov, but because of the Cold War, people all around the world didn’t know about his success until (15) . Also thanks to Korolyov, Yuri Gagarin made the first manned space flight in 1961.

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