Task 1. Imagine that you are preparing a project with your friend. You have foundsome interesting material for the presentation and you want to read this text to yourfriend. You have 2 minutes to read the text silently, then be ready to read it out aloud.You will not have more than 2 minutes to read it.
The first maps were drawn by explorers to help them find their wayhome and show people where they had been. The maps showed theshape of the land, distances between places and special features suchas caves and old trees. Nowadays, maps show the towns and villages,and the roads, railways, rivers and mountains. Symbols are used toshow all the different things on a map and there is a key to explain whatthe symbols stand for.
Over the centuries, people explored most of the Earth and put togetherthe map of the world we use today. Maps of the world or large areas areoften either “political” or “physical”. The political map shows territorialborders. The purpose of the physical map is to show features ofgeography such as mountains, soil type or land use including roads,railroads and buildings.